The purpose of this study was to compare the working memory skills of the students with gifted and typical development in the 3rd and 4th grades of primary school. The comparative descriptive research model was used for the purpose of the study. Participants of this study consisted of a total 44 primary school 3rd and 4th grade students, 22 of whom were diagnosed with gifted in general abilities and ongoing to the Science and Art Center (SAC) and the remaining 22 of whom with typical development. In the study, the "Working Memory Scale," consisting of four dimensions and nine subtests, was used to determine the participants' working memory performance. During the data collection process of the research, the scale was individually administered by visiting the SAC and primary schools in Kirikkale. The SPSS 28 program was used for the analysis of the obtained data. Study findings showed that there were statistically significant differences between students with gifted and typically developing students in terms of verbal/visual short-term memory, verbal/visual working memory, and Working Memory Scale overall standard scores. The working memory skills with all component of the students with gifted and typical development whose tongue language Turkish were evaluated for the first time with a valid, reliable, and standard tool. The research findings were discussed in light of the related literature, and suggestions were made for further research and practices.
Gifted students, working memory, verbal working memory, visual working memory.